Methamphetamine, also known as speed, ice, crystal, glass or meth, is a strong CNS stimulant that is synthetically produced through a complex chemical procedure and it is the second most spread drug after cannabis in US, Asia, and Oceania. Europe is not so fruitful ground for this drug; the traces of this drug can be found in the Czech Republic or Slovakia but not in great amount. Meth is usually in the form of powder although it can be in the form of paste or crystal. Depending on the form, the drug can be injected, snorted, smoked or swallowed. The injection is the fastest way of feeling the drug and its potentials.
The production and effects on the consumer’s body
The production of meth starts with ephedrine’s or pseudoephedrine’s reduction, while it is later mixed with various substances including caffeine. The complex chemical procedure involves the use of many household items that are a catalyst and the production often results in two types of meth; d-amphetamine and I-amphetamine. The first one is a lot more potent type of meth since d-isomer is 90% pure methamphetamine that is highly-priced on the street.
Drug effects and withdrawal
Meth boosts your dopamine level, giving you a strong euphoria. It fastens your heart rate, raised blood pressure and temperature while dilating your pupils. Meth improves the overall mood, removes fatigue and tiredness and replaces them with the feelings of euphoria, power, and self-awareness. It is no wonder that they often refer to this drug as kryptonite.
When it comes to withdrawal, a meth user can act in two different ways, depending on the amount of daily dose, the period of consuming, and the purity of the drug (the more pure drug is, the harder withdrawal is). The common signs are motor retardation and agitation, unpleasant dreams, fatigue, depression, anxiety, poor concentration, and irritability. However, the meth is the only drug that has huge potential for the development of psychopathological problems, including psychosis, anxiety disorders, violent behavior and cognitive deficits.
As one of the most potent and widespread drugs, meth is the drug of choice for 16 million of people that severely affects your brain, emotions and cognitive abilities. It is a serious worldwide problem that leaves enormous consequences both on society and environment. The real problem is that there is no practical or approved treatment for methamphetamine’s addiction.
Cognitive, psychotic and mood disorders are often reported as the consequence of the meth’s use, but there is lack of understanding in the neurobiology of meth to produce an effective therapy. Still, the patients who manage to escape the meth’s addiction are undergone to cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational strategies, and 12 step programmes.